19th C Days Workshop List

Session One – Thursday 12:30-2:00
Candlemaking and Lighting –Ages 12 – 18 (15max)
Having electric lights in our homes is a very new thing in the history of civilization.  How did people bring light into their homes in the past?  The group will learn about past types of lighting and make a poured candle, using liquid paraffin that participants can take home. Instructor:  Cheryl Statham

Musical Games and Songs with Farmer Tom – Ages 6 – 9 (25max)
Come explore the types of musical games and songs that people enjoyed in days gone by.  Songs were used to teach everything from counting and rhyming to grammar and diction, but everyone thought they were just having fun!  Farmer Tom puts the fun back into the fundamentals and gets you moving and dancing, too. Instructor:  Tom Salmon

Mosses and Ferns – Ages 9 – 18 (15max)
In this workshop/walk we will compare and locate these two plants found in moist locales.  Mosses have vascular tissue and the gametophyte is the dominant stage, while ferns have vascular tissue and the sporophyte is the dominant stage.  We will also learn about their many uses. Instructor:  Pamela Tabery

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Small Animal Husbandry – Ages 6 – 9 (15max)
Proper animal care requires much more than just feeding and cleaning up after them. Happy animals need loving care.  Learn the basics of small animal husbandry.  You will learn not only about how to care for chickens, geese, turkeys and rabbits but you will also be visiting and spending time with them down on the farm. Instructor:  Jen Keim

Large Animal Husbandry – Ages 12 – 18 (15max)
Participants will learn the basics of raising larger farm animals, including horses, cows and sheep.  They will learn about the different breeds, feeding requirements, housing needs, common illnesses within each type of animal.  Participants will also have an opportunity to groom the horses and the mule.  Instructor:  Milton Mosier

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Fireplace Cooking
– Ages 10 – 13 (15max)
Participants will learn the basics of using a Dutch oven, hanging griddle and skillet at a fireplace.  They will make all recipes from scratch, and sample all of the food made.  Cooking methods, fireplace safety and other topics will be covered.  Instructor:  Becky Costanzo

Advanced Gardening
– Ages 12 – 18 (20max)
This workshop is for students interested in more advanced aspects of gardening along with a practical experience of working in the garden.  We will learn what nutrients are needed for plant growth and how seeds germinate.  In the garden we will plant cabbage leaves and investigate the purpose of a compost pile.  A visit to the greenhouse will show spring plants in progress.  Instructor:  Gary Oiler

Session Two – Thursday 2:15-3:45
Making Musical Instruments – Ages 6 – 8 (25max)
Back before there was a Wells Fargo wagon to bring you factory made musical instruments and a “think system” to learn to play them, people often made their own instruments.  What did they make them out of?  Whatever they had available to them!  Miss Becky will guide you through the making of a few basic instruments using “found objects” (yours to keep) and give a hands-on demonstration of the many folk instruments picked up over the years.  Make some good noise! Instructor:  Becky Costanzo

Food Preservation – Ages 12 – 18 (20max)
For the farmer of two hundred years ago, bringing in the harvest was just the beginning of the work.  Even without refrigerators and freezers, our ancestors had developed a variety of ways to preserve the harvest for the long winter to come.  Participants will explore the different types of preservation methods and the buildings on the farm that were dedicated for that purpose. Instructor:  Cheryl Statham

Fungi and Lichens – Ages 9 – 18 (15max)
In this workshop/walk we will compare and locate these two plants.  Fungi are non-photosynthetic organisms that reproduce by spores.  Lichens are an example of a partnership of fungi and algae known as mutualistic symbiosis.  We will learn of their many benefits. Instructor:  Pamela Tabery

Simple Machines – Ages 9 – 13 (20max)
Our ancestors did not have the modern equipment that farmer have today.  That does not mean that they did not have machines to help them with the work.  Participants will explore how incline planes, screws, levers, pulleys and wheel and axels were used to make the farmers’ life easier.  There will also be a scavenger hunt on the farm to discover the many ways these simple machines were actually used.  Instructor:  Milton Mosier

A Day in the Life – Ages 14 – 18 (10max) Males Only!
Chopping wood, bringing water, preparing wood for making a home were only a few of the chores that young men needed to learn in the 1800’s.  The young men who take this workshop will learn how to use a two-man saw, chop wood, use a froe, hew a log and carry water.  Participants should dress in work clothes and, if possible, work boots.  Instructor:  Tom Salmon

One Room Schoolhouse – Ages 6 – 9 (20max)
Experience what a day of school consisted of in the late 1800’s.  Participants will go through a condensed day of school, doing arithmetic, spelling, recitations, elocution and more.  Students are encouraged to be in costume for this workshop.

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Introduction to Carding, Spinning and Weaving
– Ages 10 – 13 (15max)
Through a hands on opportunity, participants will experience the basic processes of turning wool straight from the sheep into a woven product.  Topics covered will include a brief history of spinning and weaving, information on wool processing and different spinning and weaving techniques.  Students will be able to take home samples of their work.  Instructor:  Sue Oiler

Cold Frame Gardening – Ages 12 – 18 (15max)
Participants will learn the purpose of cold frames and hot beds and their differences.  There will be information about common seedling diseases and how to prevent them, and discuss the importance of temperature control on sunny days.  Students will then build a cold frame in the garden and plant radishes and lettuce in the cold frame.  Instructor:  Gary Oiler

Session Three – Friday 12:30-2:00
Corn Husk Dolls – Ages 10 – 18 (15max)
Until recently, toys were something that children made themselves from things that would be around the farm.  Participants will make a corn husk doll using corn husks from the farm as well as learn a little bit about the history of this old-fashioned doll.  Each participant will take home a completed doll.  Instructor:  Cheryl Statham

Signs of Spring Walk – Ages 6 – 9 (20max)
Take an hour and a half walk exploring the farm looking for signs of spring.  After a long winter, it is always exciting to see that the circle of growth has begun once again.  Participants should dress for the outdoors and wear appropriate shoes as we wander around the farm and into the woods looking for signs of life.  Instructors:  Jen Keim and Tom Salmon

History of Monroe County –  All ages, 12:30 – 2:00 (25max)
The instructor will offer selected highlights on the agricultural and local history of Monroe County as a way to engage students in the study of history of Monroe County as a way to engage students in the study of history.  The discussion will include the use of artifacts and archival materials as unique resources to enhance and encourage independent study of topics of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Instructor:  Janet F. Mishkin

Large Animal Husbandry – Ages 12 – 18 (15max)
Participants will learn the basics of raising larger farm animals, including horses, cows and sheep.  They will learn about the different breeds, feeding requirements, housing needs, common illnesses within each type of animal.  Participants will also have an opportunity to groom the horses and the mule.  Instructor:  Milton Mosier

Introduction to Carding, Spinning and Weaving – Ages 14 – 18, (15max)
Through a hands on opportunity, participants will learn the basic processes of turning wool straight from the sheep into a woven product.  Topics covered will include a brief history of spinning and weaving, learning the basic steps of wool processing and learning the different types of spinning and weaving.  Students will be able to take home samples of their work.  Instructor:  Sue Oiler

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Introduction to Gardening – Ages 6 – 9 (20max)
In this workshop, students will learn what a seed is, what it is made of and what it needs to sprout.  They will do a germination test of various seeds and read tests of previously started seeds.  They will then go to the greenhouse, plant marigold seeds, and transplant marigolds from a previous planting into a larger container.  Finally, they will go into the farm garden and plant onions.  Instructor:  Gary Oiler

Fireplace Cooking – Ages 14 – 18 (20max)
Cooking at a fireplace requires an entirely different type of cooking, and it requires practice to become an expert.  Participants in this workshop will make several different recipes, prepare them using period cooking equipment, sample all of the food made and then clean up.  Instructor:  Deb Heilakka

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Simple Basketmaking
Ages 9 – 13 (15max)
Participants will be making a simple rectangular reed basket, 3” x 6”.  They will be learning the basics of weaving a basket from the start to the finish.  Everyone will be taking their basket home with them.  Instructor:  Ceal Yost

Session Four – Friday 2:15-3:45
Beginning Wheatweaving –Ages 9 – 12 (15max)
Wheatweaving has existed for thousands of years, and has been closely associated with the harvest and the idea of fertility.  Learn about the history of this craft and do two simple projects you can take home. Instructor:  Cheryl Statham

Take a Walk Among the Trees – Ages 6 – 11 (25max)
Take an hour and a half walk to learn about the many different trees that grow in the Pennsylvania woods and the many ways they were used in the past and are still used today. Learn how to identify a tree even if there are no leaves, using the back, buds and sometimes, cones. Guide books will be provided.   Instructors:  Jen Keim and Tom Salmon

Ropemaking – Ages 9 – 18(20max)
Rope was not always something you could buy from a store.  Instead, you had to make it from scratch.  Participants will actually make a rope, using the farm’s rope making machine.  Then, they will be walking around the farm to discover the many ways rope is used on a farm.  There are more than you think!  Instructor:  Milton Mosier and Ken Saltern

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Leatherworking –   Ages 9 – 18 (14max)
Participants will make an “Accoutrament Bag”, which was used by men and hung around their neck, often with a colorful woven ½ cotton strap.  The bag will be pre-punched and ready to be stitched.  The girls’ bag will be larger and will hang from their shoulder with a leather strap.  Participants will take home a finished bag. Instructor:  Meg Weinhofer

Beginning Tinsmithing – Ages 9 – 13 (10max)
The group will learn about tin plate, the sources of tin and see samples of early artifacts.  They will make a nutmeg grater using the techniques of punching, bending and crimping tin.  Each student will go home with a nutmeg grater and a nutmeg.  Instructor:  Gary Oiler

WORKSHOP CLOSED / FULL Fireplace Cooking – Ages 6 – 9 (15max)
Students will learn about basic firestarting, fire safety, the different types of utensils and equipment used in the 1800’s and the types of foods that were available.  The group will make one recipe from scratch, help to cook it and then sample the finished product.  Instructor:  Deb Heilakka

Beginning Quilting – Ages 12 – 18 (15max)
Students will be assembling and sewing a Nine Patch quilt square and learning all of the steps necessary to completing the project.  They will be taught how to thread needles, do a proper quilting know, how to cut the fabric, how to choose their fabric colors, assemble the square and sew it together to form their block.  Students will be taking their quilt square home to complete.  Instructor:  Donna Conto